When I found Jay Caulfield’s book How to Design and Teach a Hybrid Course: Achieving Student-Centered Learning Through Blended Classroom, Online, and Experiential Activities (Sterling, VA: Stylus Publishing, 2011) on WorldCat, I was excited because I thought I have found a manual that would help me convert face-to-face and online courses to a hybrid format.
If that’s what you’re looking for, don’t bother buying or borrowing this book, which focuses more on theory and generalities.
DATE: Wed., Mar. 30
TIME: 5:30 p.m. PDT (SLT)
TOPIC: Blended Learning
LOCATION: Floria’s Retreat, Automaton (178, 80, 29) in Second Life (IM Floria Beaumont for a TP.)
We’ll follow up the Sloan-C Blended Learning Conference & Workshop with a roundtable discussion. Bring your enthusiasm, experience, ideas, and questions.
We’ll also discuss future topics and events.
“Blended Learning Course Design” (Madison, WI: Magna Publications, 2009) is a white paper based on a seminar titled “10 Ways to Improve Blended Learning Course Design” presented by Ike Shibley, Associate Professor of Chemistry at Penn State. Shibley picked up where Snart left off and offered some general suggestions for designing “a successful blended course”:
- start with learning objectives
- create ways for students to learn before class
- create ways for students to learn during class
- create ways for students to learn after class
- use multiple forms of communication
- encourage collaboration
- utilize online resources
- utilize both low-and high-stakes grading
- seek assistance from professionals
- stay organized
For details, you’ll need to read the paper, which I highly recommend. Shipley refers to Bloom’s taxonomy frequently. I’d have appreciated a more in-depth discussion, but that would have required an entire book rather than a 20-page paper.
One of the references listed at the end of the paper (21) looks useful:
Garrison, D. Randy and Vaughan, Norman D. (2007). Blended Learning in Higher Education: Framework, Principles, and Guidelines. Jossey-Bass.
It appears that someone was trying to put the information into APA style, but it should look more like this*:
Garrison, D.R., & Vaughan, N.D. (2007). Blended learning in higher education: Framework, principles, and guidelines. Hoboken, NJ: Jossey-Bass-Wiley.
* I just went over APA-style documentation with my class on Thursday, July 15.
In Hybrid Learning: The Perils and Promise of Blending Online and Face-to-Face Instruction in Higher Education (Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger-ABC-CLIO, 2010), Jason Allen Snart, Associate Professor of English at the College of DuPage, defines terms, discusses the challenges colleges and universities face that might lead them to consider offering hybrid classes, examines the history and future of hybrid learning, presents examples of blended learning, and introduces technology that is used to build community and promote collaboration: course management systems, blogs, wikis, social bookmarking applications, Second Life, and Exit Reality.
Unfortunately, Snart does not offer suggestions for actually developing a blended course.
If you don’t have time to read the entire book, at least peruse the appendix: “At a Glance: What It Takes to Make Hybrid Learning Work” (147-50).
I totally agree with his statement that “Often, what is gained pedagogically when faculty are able to customize the look and feel of a course and when they are able to include applications beyond institutional course management systems far outweighs the benefits of the standardized look that those course management systems can provide” (108).
I thought the following resources listed in his endnotes might be worth reading:
- Anthony G. Picciano and Charles D. Dziuban, Blended Learning: Research Perspectives (Needham, MA: Sloan Consortium, 2007).
- Margie Martyn, “The Online Blended Model,” Educause Quarterly, no. 1 (2003): 18-23.
- Catherine Gouge, “Conversation at a Crucial Moment: Hybrid Courses and the Future of Writing Programs,” College English 71, no. 4 (March 2009), 338-362.
- “Writing, Technology, and Teens,” Pew Internet and American Life Project, April 24, 2008, http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2008/Writing-Technology-and-Teens.aspx.
- “The NCTE Definition of 21st-Century Literacies,” National Council of Teachers of English, February 5, 2008, [http://www.ncte.org/positions/statements/21stcentdefinition].
- Henry Jenkins, Convergence Where Old and New Media Collide (New York: New York University Press, 2006).
- Alfred P. Rovai and Hope M. Jordan, “Blended Learning and Sense of Community: A Comparative Analysis with Traditional and Fully Online Graduate Courses,” The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning 5, no. 2 (2004), http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/192/274.
- National Survey of Student Engagement: Promoting Engagement for All Students (Bloomington, IN: Indiana Center for Postsecondary Research, 2008).
- Tom Funk, Web 2.0 and Beyond (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2008).
- Jason Allen Snart. Hybrid Learning: The Perils and Promise of Blending Online and Face-to-Face Instruction in Higher Education. Santa Barbara, CO: Praeger, 2010. Print.
- Yukiko Inoue. Cases on Online and Blended Learning Technologies in Higher Education: Concepts and Practices. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference, 2010. Print.
- Eugenia M. W. Ng. Comparative Blended Learning Practices and Environments. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference, 2010. Print.
- Lawrence A. Tomei. ICTs for Modern Educational and Instructional Advancement: New Approaches to Teaching. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference, 2010. Print.
- Fu Lee Wang, Joseph Fong, and Reggie Kwan. Handbook of Research on Hybrid Learning Models: Advanced Tools, Technologies, and Applications. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference, 2010. Print.
- Elizabeth Stacey and Philippa Gerbic. Effective Blended Learning Practices: Evidence-Based Perspectives in ICT-Facilitiated Education. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference, 2010. Print.
- Bonnie Snyder and Ike Shibley. Blended Learning Course Design. Madison, WI: Magna Publications, 2009. Print.
- Hybrid Learning and Education. Berlin: Springer, 2009. Print.
- Jennifer Sommers Tucker et al. Training Digital Skills in Distributed Classroom Environments: A Blended Learning Approach. Arlington, VA: U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, 2009. Web.
Periodicals and Articles:
- Special Issue on Blended Learning, Part I. Journal of the Research Center for Educational Technology 5.1 (2009). Web.
- Special Issue on Blended Learning, Part II. Journal of the Research Center for Educational Technology 5.2 (2009). Web.
- Charles R. Graham. “Blended Learning Systems: Definition, Current Trends, and Future Directions.” Handbook of Blended Learning: Global Perspectives, Local Designs. San Francisco, Pfeiffer Publishing, n.d. Web.
- Charles R. Graham and Charles Dziuban. “Blended Learning Environments.” Handbook of Research on Educational Communication and Technology. 3rd ed. Eds. J. Michael Specter, M. David Merrill, Jeroen van Merrienboer, and Marcy P. Driscoll. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2008. 270-274. Web.
- David K. Larson and Chung-Hsien Sung. “Comparing Student Performance: Online versus Blended versus Face-to-Face.” Journal of Asynchornous Learning Networks 13.1:31-42. Web.
- Michael Power. “The Emergence of a Blended Online Learning Environment.” MERLOT: Journal of Online Learning and Teaching 4.4 (Dec. 2008): 503-514. Web.
- Susan L. Greener. “Self-aware and Self-directed: Student Conceptions of Blended Learning.” MERLOT: Journal of Online Learning and Teaching 4.2 (June. 2008): 243-253. Web.
- Richard Voos. “Blending Learning – What Is It and Where Might It Take Us?” Sloan-C View 2.1(2003). Web.
Conference Proceedings :